The subtle consciousness has many layers to
it. The spirit is one, yet spirit is not one. There are many layers to the spirit. The whole universe is permeated by spirit,
by Brahman, yet in different degrees. A stone has one unit of life. Stones have life, and stones have gender. There are male stones and there are female
stones. The ancient people of every culture knew this. Stones do have one unit of life. Water has two units of life, and when there is fire there is three units
In the air, there are four units of life and space has five units of life. Trees have got six units of life, animals have got seven units of life, human beings have got eight units of life,
so they are called ashta vasu. Super human beings, or geniuses have blossomed
into nine units of life. Those are people who do an extra-ordinary
job. It need not be all positive, like Hitler.
Someone who does things which are inhuman,
in both senses, have got more units of life, nine units of life. Then humans can develop between nine to sixteen
units of life. When we die we become more powerful, in some
way. We go
between nine and ten units of life. This is strange, but true. That’s why ancestors are worshipped. The moment this body
drops, the spirit becomes free and it has more access there are no walls, no doors and nobody can
stop them and the spirit moves around freely. Bound in the body
you have only eight units, you can only reach out to some. When you are nine units you have little more
power. But if you
die then you have access to the ninth and tenth unit, so you
get more access in the planet. That’s why people who are
dead have the capacity to bless you.
They have more life
than you because their spirit, which is freed from the limited
body, can know, can cognize and can bless you. You can feel their presence They can grant you
some boons, not all. To whatever extent they are
powerful, that much they can bestow blessings on you. That’s one of the reasons that bodies
are buried behind the church. To make that place more powerful. So, ancestors have got
one step more power. In Sanskrit, they are called pitrs. There is one spirit which is
one grade higher than the pitrs. They are kinnaras. Kinnaras are those souls who are behind big
social-work or political set-ups, etc. Then comes the Gandharvas. The Gandharva souls are
behind every successful artist.
A great musician is not an
individual person who is singing. Through him there is a spirit
called a gandharva, and gandharvas bring you great fame. And they bring joy and happiness to the
population. But they make the person very miserable. See, Michael Jackson. I think that he's brought joy to so many
people, but his personal life is so miserable. Michael Jackson is one example, but there
are plenty of musicians and great celebrities. Beethoven & all of them you see. You take the history and look into them The only musicians that were happy were
the ones who found a path the ones who had a Guru. If they find a Guru, if they
have a path, they are liberated. Other than that they will be
famous. They will bring joy to others. But in their personal life
they will be miserable. Then, from the Gandharva level is the yaksha level, an other grade of souls.
Yakshas bring lots of wealth Very wealthy people are blessed by Yakshas Here again, Yakshas can bring comfort But they don't give the joy or happiness from their progeny. They are not satisfied with their own children. Or their children's behaviour Or their children's career Or something to do with their progeny makes them miserable. They don't know happiness from the progeny. If it happens in one generation, it will definitely not be so in the next generation.
Within the 3 generations they will be miserable. .
Again, if they walk on a spiritual path, this is
avoided. These are yaksha souls Every city has a Yaksha. New York has a yaksha, Los Angeles has a yaksha. Yaksha is the collective spirit of a place And there are so many yakshas. Beyond the Yakshas, one more level are the Devas Also called Angels. They are in between Yakshas and Siddhas. The perfected beings = siddhas There are 33 types of Devas And our body is governed by the Devas Devas are also called gods and goddesses. Deva means gods and
goddesses. It is not the God but gods and goddesses. an aspect of the divinity. The spirit which loves diversity expresses
itself in diverse forms. These diverse forms of that one spirit are
devas. Another example is one white light, when it
breaks up through a prism, so many colours emit, seven major colours But then so many shades and mixtures of those seven colours gives you a multitude of colours In the same way, from the Yaksha, a step higher is Devas Devatas, Devis.
So many different types of Devi, Devatas are there. So many types of spirits. You can call them angels. All only benevolent. And there are various qualities which are expressed in us that are part of the Devas. Brilliance is a Deva in you. Compassion is the blessing of a Deva. If you are happy, that is the blessing of a Deva Or the quality of a Deva getting manifested in you. So the yakshas, then devas and then siddhas. A siddha is a perfected human being who has
gone deep in meditation. Siddha, Guru – that is the level. They are kept a step above the
devas. That’s why in puja, when anything happens,
first Guru is honoured and then devatas. Gurubhyo Namaha – it starts from there. This is the tradition:
Guru and deva, yaksha, gandharava, kinnara, pitrus and human
being. There are these many levels of spirits..
Hello friends welcome to
yadnya investment academy. Today is friday. So today we will talk about
a financial planning topic. Today's topic is Related to retirement planning A very common question of you all that come Obviously this all knows. Retirement is a very important goal. If we talk about financial goals. Mostly it should be. Mostly when i do financial planning So many persons financial
planning i have done personally Then in that comes. Retirement is a very important goal. In which we need a lot of money Nowadays early retirement is occurring. FIRE environment talks are occurring. Financial free retire early In such things When retirement comes in goal One important thing comes How much money do I need? Tell me this much money is enough.
Then I can retire. That is a normal question. For this we have already
developed an interesting calculator but that was before pay wall. Now we have removed that from pay wall because it is very useful calculator. So a retirement calculator we have made. In that with so many
permutations combinations We can get an idea This much retire corps I need. If I reach here then I have done well. I am at least financially free. Now I have to retire. We have to work further or not. Then it is my decision. If above that. Now I am just sharing my screen.
Now you will see here You will go on investyadnya website There is a section named
tracker and calculator. In this there is a retirement calculator. Open this Now here we have to fill information. Suppose i am putting age of 30. You have to retire suppose on 60. Suppose we took an
example i have to retire on 60. Life expectancy we mostly suggest We should keep 90, 95, 100. With a conservative estimate If you keep 100 then it is very
good conservative estimate. If you want to take optimistic If you took practical then it should be 90. Suppose i am putting here 95. Fourth information is our Current annual expense When we do retirement calculation Obvious we took assumptions.
One assumption is this the
expense i am doing today Suppose when i retire Then also my expenses should be like this. Means my lifestyle of now remain maintained Neither i increase nor decrease. Suppose I am spending 50k per month today. The expenses that are occurring. After retirement I will do the same expenses. After retirement expenses can reduce. It can be your house if
you are living now on rent. It can be so much rental expense. That can reduce. Now your children's expenses are so much.
They will reduce at that time. Sometimes after retirement
expenses increase. Like vacation expenses mostly increases. Sometimes medical expenses increase. Some expenses have increased. Mostly as an advisor If we took a general advice then we say. Keep the same expenses as they are now. Don't do much changes in that. Some increases some decreases. For example if we want
to do a simple calculation Then considering to current expenses Suppose my expense is 50,000 The profile we are taking has
expenses of 50,000 per month.
Then it is 6 lakh rupees per year. You have to put today's expenses. You don't have to put off retirement age. That's all it will insert. Inflation number How much inflation number we have to take? 7% inflation is mostly suggested by India. If you want to be conservative
then you can take 8%. If you want to be aggressive
then you can take 5-6%. Inflation you should calculate by your own. Every year how my expenses are increasing? If you know little bit idea about that These things are increasing
according to my expenses. Edcuation expenses children's fees It increases almost 8-10% every year. Rentals mostly 10%. Landlords mostly increases rent by 10%. My personal inflation is 8, 9-10%. You take according to your. So for calculation here
I am taking 7% inflation. Then return on investment. On the basis of return on investment. How much is my return on investment? Before retirement and after retirement.
Now I am retiring at 60. At 30 I am starting investing. How much should I invest for that? How much retirement corpus I will get? The reason I am investing now. On that how much return should I expect? It depends where you are investing. If you feel I will invest
mostly in equity markets. Retirement oriented because it is very long horizon. I am of 30 years and retiring at 60 years. Horizon is of 30 years. All that I am investing I will invest mostly on equity. Then we can take 11-12%
return on investment All that we will invest now. Or we kept in equity we can take that. If you feel This house is my retirement corpus This will increase according to that. Then on real estate the return
on expectations that remains. Basically there is round inflation of 7-8%.
It depends on you if you have EPFO. That is a very big retirement corpus On EPF we get around 8%. According to that you have invested here. Overall that you are investing Or you are planning This is for retirement
and I am going to invest. What are expected returns on that? Till 60. Pre retirement is retirement on investment. Suppose it is 12%. Whole the money I will put in equity. Then you took 12% return. Then post retirement my corpse will become. How much will it grow? Suppose I retire and I get corpus of 5 crores.
Then 5 crore rupees Where will I invest? Again very difficult question If you are of 30 years then in 60 years. This is very difficult. This is a very big assumption. We have to think mostly at 60 our risk profile decreases. We will not take much equity allocation. Suppose now we have 60-70 equity allocation That time it becomes 20-30% or 40%. I go a little bit on conservative. I say to most of the people Take percentage equal to inflation I get return same as inflation. If I want to take.
Then 0.5-1% extra. We took here 8%. Means 8% of post retirement. My corpus will grow 8% after that. Inflation will remain 7%. This is planning according to that. We will discuss these points later. Therefore I am doing all these zero. We inserted these things. What we say? Our retirement age, life expectancy. Our annual expense, inflation. These all are our compulsory fields. If I consider this now. Sorry some value needs to be inserted. Randomly value we are inserting. So that it can work.
If I consider this now. Then I need retirement
corpus of 14.6 crores. If you are of 30 years and you have to do expense of 50k per month. At today's value Today's 50k offcourse will not remain same at the time of retirement. They will increase with inflation. If you have to maintain today lifestyle The 50k expenses you are doing today Same you want to do at 60. After 30 years. This is the value after 30 years. Don't be so afraid. Today 14.5 crore is very much. After 30 years the value of 14.5 That should be arounf 70-80 lakh or 1 crore I am doing guess work. It will not be more than that. Think if I have 1 crore rupees today then I will be able to do for next 35 years. 60-95 years means 35 years 35k per month That to inflation to adjust it. I will get it consistently till 95 in 95 it will become zero. If i invest lumpsum then i can invest 50 lakhs.
Considering I don't have anything. If I have 50 lakh rupees I will invest it. For 30 years they will grow by 12%. Expected pre-retirement. Then also my retirement money will be done. Monthly Sip that I have to do That is around 50,000 in this. 48,000 rupees sip i need in this. What is the meaning of step up? I will tell this in next. If you have plan in 30 years 60 years.
I have to do all these things. Then you have to do monthly sip of 48,000. To retire for next 30 years. Remember this is a monthly sip. It will not increase. Every year you have to do 48k consistently. Obviously our salary will increase in years Inflation increases salary increases. Now 48,000 will seem so big But after 3-5 years You will not feel big amount. That's what I am saying. In that our step up point comes. Now you will say I don't have 48,000 to invest. It is a very big amount. From where 48,000 will come. If we are spending 50,000 Then by saving 50,000 we
can invest in retirement corpus. That is not possible. Then in that our second comes step up sip What is the meaning of step up sip? What is annual increase in our income? Can we increase sip every year? I cannot invest 48,000 now but from next year i can increase.
If you think my annual increase in income. If inflation is of 7%. With 7% income should increase If we take seven With 7% it is increasing. We considered 7% inflation. Salary is also increasing by 7%. In worst case salary is not changing. With 7% there is increase in salary. Existing investment Do you have any investment now? That you think this is my retirement income From that also it will reduce. Suppose if you have EPFO corpus Suppose of 5 lakh rupees. 5 lakh rupees i inserted here. This is my EPFO of 5 lakh rupees. I will use it for retirement. On that how much return I will get on EPFO? Return are 8% Then we consider we will get 8%. It is tax free means you will get 8% Suppose i have 5 lakh rupees On that i will get 8% more. Now let's do calculation again. Now since EPFO arrived. From 48 it became 46. Retirement corpus remained same.
So now we have to do Sip of 46,000. We can do step up sip of 24,000. We invested 24,000 rupees this month. Every year we increase that by 7%. From annual increase in income we have to do this annual increase in sip. Today you started sip of 24,300. Next year increased 7% on that. Then again in next year increase 7% on that Compounding 7%. Increase 7% every year Till the age of 60. Then also your goal will be achieved. Then you will have 14.6 crores rupees. Considering these were our rates of returns So it is very very good. You can apply so much
permutations and combinations on this.
I have little more money than 24,000. I can do upto 35,000. Can I retire early? Then can I retire at 58? On 58 it will happen at 29,000. I have 35,000. Can I retire at 55? Now your interesting calculation will start No you need 37,000 For retirement at 55. Early retirement you can take at 37,000. If i do 37,000 per year. I invest in such investments
that give me 12% every year. 7% increase i put minimum. If you think 7% increase is less. Consider growth of salary minimum 8-10%. Why not? Consider 10%. Then in Rs 28,000 you can retire at 55. Retirement corpus also reduced. As early you retire that much less corpus you will want.
Value of money comes less. At that time its value will be more. At the age of 55 we need 11.6 crores. How much lump sum funding we need? How much monthly sip
and stepup sip we need? I considered 10% annual increase. Like this If you can do so many
permutations and combinations. You can plan yourself. When can I become financially free? I think this is very interesting calculator If you like as i am a conservative investor I am not taking 12% from whole equity. Suppose we take 9%. This we keep 10. The rate of return become 9% from 12%. Obviously both the sip's will increase. You can do calculation according to that. Which type of investor is I am? If you think here is also 9
then it will change again. These things you can do so many permutations and combinations
based on your profile. You will get so much support and understand If I invest this much money For this much time Then I can go towards a better retirement.
This is how you should work on these things. You can plan early retirement. You want to spend so much or not. 50,000 will not be sufficient. I want to increase my lifestyle. Now I am spending 50,000. But at that time I want to spend 75,000. Acc to that by using
permutation and combination What are my savings now? I can plan such investments or not. Then in those things you will get
so much help from these calculator..
Do check that on our website. If you have any comment If there are complications
then visit our website. Below is our email address and
whats app number is given. All things are written below. You can email us there
if you have any query. Below there is comment section also. Must write in comment section. Hit a like if you liked the video. If you think some knowledge is added Then hit a like Have a great time ahead friends Jai Hind.
we all want to know do we have enough can we retire and how long will our money last well the key in retirement is to compound good decision after good decision and what that does is that helps to optimize your overall retirement assets and increase the probability that you do have enough and you can retire and most importantly you don't have to to live with anxiety throughout retirement worrying if you have enough or not in this video we're going to look at a 66 year old with 800 000 saved and really get into some of the nuances of different decisions that have to be made in the potential outcome of those various decisions [Music] hi i'm troy sharp ceo of oak harvest financial group certified financial planner professional host of the retirement income show and certified tax specialist the purpose of these videos is to help get you thinking along the lines of what decisions need to be made and how they are all interrelated from social security to health care to investments in asset allocation to managing risk to taxes to really get get you thinking about all the decisions that have to be made and how one decision impacts other decisions as we go through these what you'll start to see with retirement is that it's just as much an art as it is a science because everyone's situation is so unique everyone's circumstances are so different so we're going to look at some different variables here but we're going to start out with some very basic ones so first we have john and jane just a sample case male female both age 66 and just retire now we're in texas so we put texas as a state residence but obviously if you live in a state with an income tax a state income tax there would be a little bit different scenario but that's why the customization is so important okay so retirement period so we like to assume a long life expectancy and the reason is that the age 85 population segment in this country is the fastest growing population segment out there also according to pew research which i brought this article up here when we look at the projection of growth this is the estimated number of people over 100 years old over the next 30 years in 1990 there were 95 000 people over age 100.
In 2015 451 thousand by 2050 this is a pew research study by the way 3.6 million people estimated to be over the age of 100. this is advances in science and technology and medicine and treatment to help people overcome various diseases that they may they may find themselves with in retirement so underestimating life expectancy is a big mistake for a retirement planner because if we plan for 95 or 90 and you don't make it that far well you have that money you're secure but if we plan to 82 and you make it to 90 well guess what that's a big problem so when we talk about life expectancy this is one of the pieces of financial planning that is specialized to you and yourself you know your health you know your longevity you know what health problems you may or may not have of course we can customize this for your particular situation but most people from my experience underestimate the advances in medicine technology and science that will continue to extend our lives as time progresses we have treatment right now for various diseases and cancers that even five ten years ago we didn't have so underestimating our life expectancy is one of the big mistakes that people make now if you do have health conditions if you smoke if you drink you're probably not making it to 95 that would be customized for your particular situation but generally speaking i'd much rather plan for you to live to 95 and you don't make it there then plan for you to live to 85 and then you make it to 95 and then the plan obviously would be insufficient because there wouldn't be enough money to pay for health care to keep up with inflation taxes etc so that's why we put the life expectancies at 95.
okay this particular couple what we're trying to do is account for spending and retirement of sixty thousand dollars per year of course this is after tax so if most of your money is inside a 401k or an ira there is a tax problem there to get 60 000 out we have to pull more than that after taxes to be left with 60. healthcare this is the average medicare cost for a 66 year old couple in this country now it may be a little bit more a little bit less for you depending on your prescriptions and various out-of-pocket costs but this 9 400 this is the average including medicare premiums out of pocket costs for health care expenses for a 66 year old couple in this country okay so social security john has he will file his normal application at sixty six and a half and receive thirty six thousand dollars jane will then file spousal benefits in this scenario which is um a lot of times what we see working with clients where the husband files social security and then the y files for spousal benefits of course your situation may be different again this is where customization comes in but 36 000 and 18 000 are the social security benefits now here's something very important when we look at the breakdown in assets this is where retirement planning starts to get very very fun for us because it start it's putting that puzzle together but where it becomes very complicated for for most people because they don't understand the challenges that come with having too much money inside that 401k so we did a breakdown here six hundred thousand inside the 401k and 200 000 inside the brokerage account there are literally millions and millions of different ways that you could take retirement income from this breakdown of accounts you could take x amount from the 401k take x amount from the brokerage account brokerage of course when you say this this is a non-retirement account a non-ira optimization comes into play when we we are we identify what is the appropriate amount to take out of that 401k and what is the appropriate amount to take out of the non-ira in order to not just reduce taxes today but look at the impact over the course of your retirement which income distribution strategy makes the most sense for not only today but over the next 20 to 30 years so this is the breakdown here we're going to when we look at the tax analysis in a few minutes it's going to make a lot more sense we're going to look at the top 100 different income distribution possible strategies and the impact that they have over a long period of time okay so very simple we're not looking at real estate here so a net worth of eight hundred thousand dollars because yes when you have equity in your home it's a great thing to have you can pull that out for emergencies later we just want to isolate the financial assets that this couple has saved look at them spending sixty thousand dollars a year after tax with inflation uh inflation by the way we have it two and a quarter percent i'll touch on that in a little bit because we received some comments about inflation and health care costs now health care obviously is increasing a lot more than general inflation in the economy but we just want to isolate with these financial assets is that enough to answer the big questions can i retire stay retired and maintain my standard of living so when we look over here at a monte carlo analysis so this button what we're going to do is we're going to hit it it's going to run a thousand different simulations looking at a thousand different market returns over the course of time we just have them in a basic 60 40 portfolio again asset allocation is a big part of a successful retirement but we're just trying to to provide information based on what the majority of people out there are currently doing with retirement okay so this comes in at about 87 percent so 87 percent you may be saying well is that a good number is that a bad number the truth is it doesn't really matter too much it's just a snapshot in time what's most important with a financial plan and a retirement plan is that you stay connected to this over time when markets are up or down and you have various returns over time and you're spending money as well you run into what's called sequence of returns risk which is the combination of taking money out and market losses if you take out five percent you lose 20 you're down 25 percent in a single year now if that happens in consecutive years that's where the sequence of returns risk comes in when you're in the distribution phase of retirement so yes 87 percent i would feel comfortable myself retiring if this came in at 87 percent for me because that means 870 out of a thousand simulations i die with money now it's more nuanced than that of course but what's most important is that we're tracking this over time is it staying at 87 percent is it going up is it going down that's what's really important this is nothing more than a snapshot in time now when we start to look at before we get to the tax analysis i want to come over here to what's called the play zone in this particular software that we use and i like this because it shows what happens if we spend a little bit more money or less money how does that impact our probability of success so right now we have this couple spending sixty thousand dollars after taxes let's say they wanted to spend seventy thousand though seventy one look at the impact that this has it drops it from 87 to 41 that is a massive change in probability of success now what we would do in this situation if somebody wanted to spend 70 000 of course we can customize a plan where seventy thousand is spent maybe in the first five years seven years ten years with the intention of eventually tapering it back down to an inflation adjusted sixty thousand per year so inflation adjusted sixty thousand per year what does that mean well 60 000 today if you take that out of your portfolio it will buy more goods and services than if you take 60 000 out of your portfolio in the future this is a basic time value of money concept inflation erodes our purchasing power over time so to have the same purchasing power in the future of 60 000 today we probably need to pull out 68 69 70 71 000 something in that range we'll actually look at this in a second but the 70 000 this assumes we spend 70 000 today after taxes and it's just inflating at two and a quarter percent over time now i said i would talk a little bit about inflation and right now what's going on as i record this video is we are going through a period of a bit higher inflation in some areas other areas we absolutely don't have any serious inflation the truth of the matter is whatever you believe inflation to be when we customize a plan like this for you we can look at various amounts of inflation but if you start to put it out at four five six seven percent it's very likely you're not going to have enough money to keep up with that level of inflation unless the investment returns are that or greater now positive news there is typically in high periods of inflation stocks have performed well but when we look at inflation inputs and inflation estimates it's been 12 plus years where general inflation in the economy has been under 2 we are starting to see some inflation now most experts believe that it's transitory and by the time we get to next year inflation should normalize but we'll see most importantly again what we do is we stay connected if inflation does start to to sustain itself in a way that gets above two and a half three three and a half four percent well that's why we have a financial plan we start to adjust for those changes same thing with taxes same thing with markets same thing with everything in retirement our health our goals and in the circumstances we find ourselves in they change throughout retirement that's why when we look at something like this it's just a snapshot in time we need to be able to be flexible and pivot based on whatever circumstances come our way okay so taxes i want to look at taxes now we have this this is a different software that we use to look at taxes we'll overlay this software and the outputs from this one to the other software along with a few other ones that we use then of course the human element is the most important when combining all of this together but what we're looking at here is the top 100 distribution strategies for this same couple number one tax planning and income distribution scenarios the number one ranked strategy of course is up top it shows an estimated ending balance of 663 000 and taxes paid over the course of retirement of 42 sixty so ending balance of six sixty taxes paid of about forty two thousand if we come down here to the very lowest ranked strategy so i went to number eleven it's number 101 ranked cumulative taxes 156 000 with an ending balance of 170.
so that's over a 500 000 or so change in an estimated ending balance and a hundred thousand plus in additional taxes paid what's cool about this software is it isolates everything else except your distribution strategy how much are you taking from the ira how much are you taking from the non-ira are you doing any roth conversions so being able to isolate everything else and just looking at those variables shows us very clearly that the tax planning and income planning component for this couple in this scenario john and jane is extremely important it's the difference isolating everything else between finishing with about a hundred and seventy thousand estimated or six hundred and sixty thousand so as you can see income planning tax planning play a very critical part in the overall retirement plan this software that we looked at over here this one is assuming what we call a conventional wisdom distribution strategy now this software is that's the software's weakness this does not do a great job tax planning but when we overlay the tax planning software with the financial planning software here when we get the 87 percent and we get it all done this gets it up to 90 95 96 99 a lot of times the big takeaway here is that retirement is not just about your investments it's about having a plan that looks at your investments and manages risk but also generating income tax planning and health care planning along with estate planning estate planning is very important if it matters to you what happens to your assets when you're gone so we always keep a link in the description if you want to reach out to us set a consultation have a phone call and see if this type of planning is appropriate for you it may not be appropriate for you you may not be a good fit for what we do and that's okay hopefully we still can provide value and help you become a great have a greater understanding of retirement but if you do want to talk to us there's a link below you can schedule an appointment and of course share this video with a friend or family member hit that subscribe button and thumbs up if you liked it and if you don't like it hit the thumbs down that's fine too and if you leave a comment we're gonna make an attempt to address those comments in one big video of course we can't respond to every single comment or provide personalized financial advice but feel free to comment below that helps you to know that there's engagement with this video and they'll help share it with others so they can learn as wellRead More
If somebody were to
ask you who the richest criminal of all time
was you would probably say that it was Pablo Escobar. And you would definitely
be right in saying that. But you may not know exactly
just how absurdly rich the man actually was. At the height of Escobar's
power and adjusted for inflation in 2012 dollars, he had
an estimated net worth of $30 billion US dollars. Now, $30 billion is a
very difficult number to get one's head
around, so let's look at this from a different angle. In 1989, Pablo Escobar
was estimated by Forbes to be the seventh richest
person in the world.
If he were alive
today and making the same amount
of money, he would be placed 18th on that list. The engine that provided
him with his immense wealth has his Medellin cartel, a
ruthless drug organization so large that it could be
placed on the Fortune 500. For a time, the cartel
basically owned an entire island in the Bahamas that they
used as a refueling point for their planes smuggling
cocaine from Colombia. The island had a 1
kilometer long airstrip where they would land
their large planes, transfer the cocaine
on to smaller planes, and from there land
on remote dirt roads in the south of Florida,
where the cocaine would then hit the streets of
the United States. The cartel was
making five to seven of these flights every
day in their heyday and even had a fleet
of two submarines.
15 tons of cocaine was being smuggled by the cartel
into the United States per day. This amounted to them
controlling 84 to 90% of the cocaine supply in the
United States and about 80% of the total global
cocaine supply. One single kilo of cocaine cost
the cartel an average of $1,000 to refine and another $4,000 to
smuggle into the United States. Pilots who were
employed by the cartel can make up to $500,000 per
flight into the United States. Once on the streets
of the United States, that kilo that cost
$5,000 to arrive there could sell for anywhere
between $50,000 to $70,000.
What this meant was that
Escobar's cartel was making $60 million in revenue per day. That equals $420
million every week and that meant an operating
yearly income of $22 billion. They were making so
much money that they had to spend around $1,000
each week just on rubber bands to keep their mountains of
cash all neat and organized. They ran out of places
to store their money and had to resort to
stashing it in old worn down warehouses and even
buried it in remote fields. Escobar decided to write off
10% of their monthly revenues simply because that's about how
much was being eaten by rats or damaged by water. That's about $2.2
billion every year that was simply being destroyed,
and it didn't affect Escobar much at all. This is a man who once burned
$2 million in cold cash just to keep his daughter warm
one time when she was cold.
Now, let's get some
perspective on these numbers. As stated earlier, these numbers
are so astronomically high that they're very
difficult to visualize. Let's think about how
the average yearly income for somebody in Colombia
today is $5,194. That means that today it
would take 4,235,657 average Colombians to combine their
yearly incomes just to match Pablo Escobar's. Moving over to the United
States for a comparison, the average yearly household
income here is $51,939. That means that the average
household in the United States would have to work for 1,155
years saving all of the money that they made in
the process just to equal the same
amount of money that Pablo Escobar's Medellin
cartel was making in just one single day. Staggeringly, to match
the amount of money the cartel was
making in one year it would take 423,574
average US households to pool all of their
yearly earnings together. That's roughly the
same population as the city of Miami.
And what about
Escobar's reported net worth of $30 billion? That value is so
high, it's roughly equivalent to the
entire 2016 GDP of Paraguay, a country with a
population of 6,783,000 people. If the Medellin
cartel at its peak was actually listed as an
American company on the Fortune 500 today, it would be placed
at the 129th largest company by yearly revenue, just making
more money than the Union Pacific Railroad Company,
while also making more money than Starbucks, Staples, Kohl's,
Southwest Airlines, and even Facebook. But all of this wealth
couldn't possibly last forever. Escobar's cartel was responsible
for an estimated 3,500 murders, 500 of whom
were police officers in the city of Medellin.
Escobar himself was gunned
down in a hail of bullets on the 2nd of December in
1993, and his cartel and wealth largely died with him. So thank you for
watching this video. While Pablo Escobar's fortune
made him an influential man in life, his legacy has
left a lasting influence on our pop culture and TV shows. Click here to go
to our good friends over at the Court Of Source
for the next part explaining how huge of an impact on our
popular culture men like Pablo Escobar have had. The Court Of Source
has excellent content. And if you haven't
subscribed to them yet, then you should probably
think about changing that. Until next time, this
was Real Life Lore..
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If you want to retire early, then this video
is for you. Today we'll meet a man who has a corpus of
more than 10 crores and has managed to retire completely before
the age of 40. We will learn how to start planning, how to
do the calculations for early retirement and what all things to keep in mind before
leaving your job. So watch this video till the end and to support
our channel, like the video right now. FIX YOUR FINANCE Hello and welcome to a new episode of Fix
Your Finance. Today I have Ravi Handa with me. Welcome to the show Ravi. Glad to be here. How's early retirement treating you? It has its good parts obviously. What are the good parts? You can spend time on things which you were
not able to do earlier. And what are some of the bad parts of retiring
early? You lose a lot of value and a lot of validation
that you used to get from a job.
You have described your retired life in 2023. Let's take it back to like 15-16 years back. So, what did you study? I have done engineering in computer science. And what was your first job? Where did you start working? I started working in the education sector
itself. I joined IMS Calcutta which is a CAT coaching
company. Okay. And what was your first paycheck? 25,000 odd rupees. When you retired in 2022, what were you doing
back then? Actually, before that, I used to run a business
from 2012 to 2021. Which was in the education sector. My company was acquired by Unacademy. So, the last 1-1.5 years of my working career, I was with Unacademy as director content sales. So, how many years did you work? I worked from 2006 to 2010. Then I took a year break. 2011 is when I got married. 2011 is when I joined this IT company called
Mindtical. What was the trigger to start your own thing? When I was working for IMS, at that point of time itself, I started making educational videos on YouTube
Gradually, they became popular. Not very popular. And this was CAT coaching for MBA? CAT coaching. First, I started with math. Then I went to GK through math. Then to LRDI, then to English. I kept on expanding. And how was the business? How did it work? Business was profitable from day one. Because there was no expense. Yes. In today's date, the cost of videos or ads
in EdTech has gone astronomically.
In 2012, it was extremely simple. Because I don't think anyone was doing it. Or even if anyone was doing it, they were not such a big player that you cannot
really compete. On an average, what was the kind of profits
or salary that you guys were drawing? We had good years when we did revenues of
3 crores as well. We had bad years when we did revenues of 25
lakhs as well. There was massive fluctuation. In 2021, your company got acquired. Correct. It got acquired and then there was that vesting
period wherein you had to work. Correct. And after that, you got an exit. Correct. So, were you actively looking for an exit? Yes. Again, I am telling you the same. So, during the COVID period of 2020, my wife was pregnant at that point of time, So, my wife and I used to sit and chat about
what to do with life. And this is what emerged that we have to sell the business at whatever valuation possible, whatever sort
of deal you get. Because getting out of business is the priority. After selling the company, there will be a
vesting period wherein you were working with Unacademy.
Correct. What was your compensation then? Exact numbers I can't reveal because of the
NDA. But my salary was a little above 1 cr. And the ESOPs of the vesting, that was another additional 50 lakhs or a
little more than that. Wow! So, you have a lot of money in Edtech, I am
guessing. Yes. But I didn't get this for my skill or my talent. Okay. This I got primarily because they were acquiring
my company and this is a way for them to pay out the
money slowly rather than on day one. What is your background? Which college did you study in? IIT Kharagpur. Did that also help in your, you know, starting your entrepreneurial journey? Absolutely. I am telling you, there are a few things which have helped me a lot in life. To take risks, to experiment. One, my parents were always independent. I have never had to give a single rupee to
my parents. The second thing which has really helped me
is my wife was very well educated and in a very good
job which allowed me to take a lot of risks.
The third is that I went to a good college and through that college, you build a network. I have friends in senior positions in multiple
places. This is it. You are the sum of your privilege, your background and the people that you have interacted with over your life. Okay, so now we will talk about your expenses. Do you live in a rented apartment or is it
an owned? It's an owned flat. I shifted to Jaipur in 2015 to be closer to
my parents and at that point of time, I purchased the
flat that I still live in today.
Did you take it on loan or did you pay in
cash? No, it was entirely in cash because at that
point of time, I had been doing business for 2-3 years. The second thing is your travel. So, do you have a car or do you travel in
cabs? I have a car but I don't really like to drive
that much. So, how much fuel do you spend on a monthly
basis? I have no idea. So, you don't track expenses in general? That way, no. So, The way I track expenses is at the beginning
of the financial year, I check how much money was in the bank account. Throughout the year, I just find out how much
money went out of your bank account. So, that's how I determine how much I spent
this year. So, on an annual basis, how much did you spend
in the last 3 years? Around 2 lakh rupees goes into maintenance. Society, maintenance plus the other property
that I own.
5-7 lakh rupees is the vacation. Another 2-3 lakhs would be eating out, drinking,
parties. Parties, not the pub parties. Parents' 50th anniversary, the first birthday
of the child. So, all these parties add up. 3 lakhs or a little more than that would go
towards the house help staff. These are the big hits. Now, it is time for the main thing, which is talking about your financial independence
and retirement plans. The first and main thing is figuring out your
FIRE number. How much money would I need to not work and can retire comfortably. So, in which year did you seriously start
thinking about FIRE? Which year? Covid, 2020. 2020 is when I actually sat down and did the
Where I have this much money, I will put this
money here and there. So, it took me around 3 months, maybe 6 months to figure out how much money I exactly need,
how do I need to invest it. And then it took me a couple of years, 3 years
to execute that. So, if your annual expense is 25 lakhs, if you take a multiple of 30, it is 7.5 cr. Right? So, what are some of the milestones that you
took into account? There are two major chunks that I have kept.
One of them is nearly everyone likes and accepts
that you have to save money for your child's higher
education. So, I have earmarked 50 lakh rupees for that. Wow! I will give it to him at 18 or whatever appropriate
age. 7.5 Cr plus 50L. For this? Yes. 8 cr. Another 50L is what I wanted to keep as a
sort of play money for experiments that I would want to do. Angel investing is one of them. Crypto investments is one of them. I am doing a podcast right now, so it has
its own expenses. Yeah. You should check out his YouTube channel,
okay? Every month, two videos come up specifically
talking about how to achieve FIRE. Okay? There is a link in the description.
Definitely subscribe. That is 50 lakhs, your play money. How is that going by the way? Angel investments and other investments? I have lost a lot of money in angel investments. I have lost a little bit of money in crypto
as well. But the biggest problem in angel investments
is that it is extremely illiquid. There is no honesty. So, I had put 3 lakh rupees in a company in
2019. In 2021, it became 45 lakh rupees. Ravi Handa is happy that it is done. Did you get an exit? Exit? The company closed in 2023. It became zero. Oh shit. So, that is the problem with angel investment. That's why you have allocated an amount which you yourself have called play money. Correct. Any other milestones that you have covered? No, these two. 8.5 cr was your FIRE number. You said that you started investing a huge
amount since 2015. You started investing or saving more.
From 2006 to 2015, did you manage to save any portion of your
salary? Yes, we were always saving more than 50-60%. We used to save this much. So, it was business, revenue was high, that's
why you didn't save. It was something which was there. Your expenses were always lower than what
you were earning. So, have you accumulated the 8.5 cr ? A little bit more than that. Very nice. How much percentage of that, if you are comfortable
sharing, how much percentage has come from selling
your company and how much percentage of the proportion
has come from your savings? I would say that selling the company probably
gave me 20-25%. Which basically means that this was not a
result of a certain event. No, no. So, this was because my business was successful. The second factor was that my expenses were
very low. The third factor was that I always had substantial
investment in equity. The fourth factor is where I would say the
selling of the company comes in. The main money that was made was made by business. And let's say if you were doing your software
job, you would have been in the top positions, In that case, do you think this much wealth
accumulation would have been possible? If I was in India, then no.
If I had gone abroad, then I would have been
way ahead of this. Is that one of those things that you would,
you know, you look back and want to change? I regret it every week. If I had been a good student, if I had studied
in college, then I wouldn't have been in the coaching
line. I would have moved to the US or Canada or
Europe or somewhere after college. I can't believe that you are saying that you are not content with what you have achieved
financially. I am absolutely content with what I have achieved.
Because I have bounced back from the mistakes
of not studying in college. Yeah. The 8.5 cr that you have accumulated, that too, what are the percentages where you
have invested? My current net worth would be somewhere between
12-13 cr. Out of this, 1-1.5 crore rupees, which is
my 4-5 years of expenses, I keep it in absolutely liquid low risk investments. So, this is my cash bucket. In the medium term bucket, I have taken a
balance advantage fund. I have long term bonds, gilt funds, which is another 4-5 years of expenses. So, a mix of equity and debt. Third bucket, which is my long term bucket, another, I believe, 6-7 crores would be in
that and then there is a piece of land that I own
which is around 2 cr. Tell me one thing, how to go about it? Primarily if you are young you need to save,
develop as a habit sort of a thing but your focus should be on making money.
Where will you earn money from? Either you will grow in a job or you will
join risky jobs like startups to get ESOPs or you leave the country, you go abroad you
earn a lot more there, you save a lot more there and you come
back and you know you can be in a very good situation or what you do is you get a higher
degree. Suppose you have done engineering, MBA, Masters
in Engineering, there are plenty of avenues. Your main focus should be on making more and
more and more money. Because after one point your expenses can't
get less. So if you want to increase the alpha, the
difference in income and expenses that will only happen if you are constantly focusing on increasing
the top line. Let's say I have decided that I want to retire
early. What was the framework? What were some of the thought processes? One according to me even hoping for planning
for early retirement is sort of accepting a failure that you couldn't make your career
in your life better that's why you are going towards retirement.
Yes financial independence is important, early
retirement is not. If you are in a job that you like, that you
enjoy or I will say if you are in a job or in a career that you don't hate, do not think
about early retirement. Early retirement became important for me because
I wasn't liking what I was doing. So this is our quick finance round. You have to answer the questions as soon as
possible. If you had an unlimited budget, what would
you gift your wife? Vacation, luxury vacation. If money was out of consideration which in
your case holds true, what would you do for a living? I don't know I will keep experimenting with
it which is what I am doing right now.
And the last question is for people who want
to achieve financial independence and you know are seeking early retirement, what are
2-3 nuggets of advice that you would share with them? For financial independence, increasing your
income as much as possible that should be your priority. The second priority should be that bulk of
your savings should go into equity. If you are chasing early retirement, I think
that is a bad chase to have. That should be, that is like surgery, that
should be the last option. Try changing your job, try changing the city
you work in, try changing the country you work in, try changing your careers. If there is no avenue, that is when you think
about early retirement. Alright, that brings us to the end of the
episode. Thank you so much for sharing your journey. I am sure that a lot of people have learnt
a lot from today's episode and video.
Make sure to check out his YouTube channel. Every month at least 2-3 videos are made on
this topic. Subscribe to his channel and if you liked
anything in this video, subscribe to my channel as well. Goodbye..
FOR PEOPLE RIGHT NOW WHEN IT COMES TO SAVING . >> I THINK IT'S THE SAME THING THAT MAKES MOST SENSE FRANKLY ALL OF THE TIME, AND THAT IS TO CONSISTENTLY BUY AN S&P 500 LOW COST INDEX FUND. KEEP BUYING IT THROUGH THICK AND THIN, AND ESPECIALLY THROUGH THIN. BECAUSE THE TEMPTATIONS GET — WHEN YOU SEE BAD HEADLINES IN NEWSPAPERS, MAYBE TO SAY WELL MAYBE I SHOULD SKIP A YEAR OR SOMETHING. JUST KEEP BUYING. AMERICAN BUSINESS IS GOING TO DO FINE OVER TIME. SO YOU KNOW THE INVESTMENT UNIVERSE IS GOING TO DO VERY WELL. THE DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE WENT FROM 66 1,497 IN ONE CENTURY, AND SINCE THAT CENTURY HAS ENDED, IT'S MORE OR LESS DOUBLED AGAIN. AMERICAN BUSINESS IS G. THE TRICK IS NOT TO PICK THE RIGHT COMPANY, IT'S TO BE — BECAUSE MOST PEOPLE AREN'T EQUIPPED TO DO THAT.
AND PLENTY OF TIMES I MAKE MISTAKES. THE TRICK IS TO ESSENTIALLY BUY ALL THE BIG COMPANIES THROUGH THE SFUND AND TO DO IT CONSISTENTLY, AND TO DO IT IN A VERY, VERY LOW COST WAY. BECAUSE COSTS REALLY MATTER. AND INVESTMENTS, IF RETURNS ARE GOING TO BE 7% OR 8% AND YOU ARE PAYING 1% THROUGH FEES, THAT MAKES AN ENORMOUS DIFFERENCE IN HOW MUCH MONEY YOU HAVE ON RETIREMENT. >> AT THE ANNUAL MEETING FOR BERKSHIRE HATHAWAY THIS YEAR, YOU INTRODUCED A SPECIAL GUEST TO THE AUDIENCE OF 40,000 SHAREHOLDERS WHO WERE WATCHING. IT WAS JACK VOGEL. WHY DID YOU WANT TO RECOGNIZE JACK VOGEL? >> I THINK JACK VOGEL HAS DONE MORE FOR AMERICAN INVESTORS THAN ANY OTHER PERSON CONNECTED WITH WALL STREET OR T BECAUSE WITH A NUMBER OF OTHER PEOPLE WE CAME UP WITH THE IDEA, HE WASN'T THE SOLE THINKER BEHIND IT BUT HE WAS THE GUY WHO IMPLEMENTED IT AND CRUSADED FOR NOW TRILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN LOW COST INDEX FUNDS. MOST PEOPLE ARE GOING TO HAVE BETTER LIVES, BETTER RETIREMENTS, THEIR KIDS ARE.Read More