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How to Have the Perfect Portfolio in Investment – John Bogle’s view

But now this brings us to the main point of 
our discussion with you which is to get your   advice for our viewers about what you consider 
to be the perfect portfolio now we know there's   no such thing as perfect but i suspect that TIFs 
will play some role in this what would you say to   the typical investor now today looking forward how 
should we be managing our wealth well let me um i   tried to cover this you'd be surprised at some of 
the what i've done in the asset allocation chapter   of my book a little bit because i've come to 
conclusion there's really not a very good answer   and i've concluded that regular rebalancing is not 
terrible but not necessary i've come to conclude   that it's 60%, 40% portfolio is probably the best 
option rather than going from 80 20 to 20 80 in a   target retirement plan uh maybe right and i may 
be wrong on that and i find it something very   individual uh and and you know and clearly i mean 
everybody knows this intuitively at the beginning   there are no easy answers to this so i'll come 
to exactly what i'm doing uh but what i was what   i did i got a letter from clearly a young man 
who was really worried about how he should be   investing and what his allocation should be and he 
said you know the dangerous risky world out there   and he didn't mention it but of course he's right 
you have potential nuclear war global warming much   more than just potential and racial division in 
the country uh right now uh threats to world trade   and division of wealth all over the world but 
most often very heavily in the us between the   haves and the have-nots all those things 
are worth worrying about but i said to him   you don't know and i don't know what's going to 
happen to any of them the market doesn't know   nobody knows so you just have to put them out of 
your mind and forget it what you want to think   about is how much risk you can afford and that's 
very much a personal thing and it has a little bit   to do with whether you're investing regularly 
and things like that and then i said to him if   it's helpful to you i'll tell you what i'm doing 
now i'm 88 years old and have an unusual kind of   planning my estate and i said i'm 50 bonds and 50 
stocks i don't happen to rebalance around that it   just seems to come out that way particularly in 
recent years and uh it's been higher than that   and been lower than that but right 
now i'm very comfortable at 50 50.   although i spend half my time worrying that i have 
too much in stocks and the other half of my time   worrying that i have too little in stock and i 
think that's the way most investors feel they   don't know what the right number is and when the 
market's going up they say god why don't i have   more stocks when it's going down so your own worst 
enemy in all this yes but having some stability   without automatically rebalancing i don't think 
you need to do that and and it's very clear   you know and anybody understanding economist 
certainly understands this that the more the   less you rebalance the more you're going to 
have because you're always selling the better   performing asset and you don't know whether it 
will do in the long run but i also look at it   as as very importantly uh and this is this is kind 
of an interesting thing i think the most important   thing you need to know about the performance 
of the stock market in the next 30 40 50 years   is what is the GDP of the united states going to 
do corporate profits are correlated at 96 percent   s p dividends are correlated at 96 percent with 
with the gdp of the united states the GDP doesn't   grow quite as fast but not a big difference 
6.7 compared to 7.5 or something like that   and then they'd be nominal and uh i think so 
what interests me is in peter lynch's book   something about wall street uh one up on 
wall street or something he says there's no   number that could interest him less than the gdp 
number is it going up or down and what that is is a statement that the short term is more 
important than the long term and i don't   believe this the short term is more important than 
long term and then you even get in freakonomics   those wise guys they did a nice interview with 
me i'm heard all of it yet but i will someday   um say pay no attention to the GDP well it's 
everything right but it's not everything today   and tomorrow right you know the gdp probably 
rose today about two three hundred and sixty   fifths of one percent or something whatever it 
is uh and uh we don't pay any attention to it   but it all comes down to for your you know the 
best portfolio is are you an investor or are you   a speculator and if you're going to keep changing 
things you were speculating because we can't know   if you're going to put commodities in there the 
ultimate speculation it has nothing going for it   no internal rate of return no dividend yield no 
earnings growth no interest coupon nothing except   the hope largely vain probably that you can sell 
to somebody else for more than you paid for it   how that could be even considered goals 
let's say an investment uh i do not know so   it's i'd like to take the mystery out of it and 
say that the perfect portfolio first i think for   a huge proportion over 90 percent certainly of 
the investors should be limited to marketable   securities they don't need the liquidity today but 
and we may have you know too much marketability   and that is too much sensitivity to prices as they 
change day by day but you want to get out of the   idea that you always have to do something and uh 
i have said in my books and you know something   happens and the federal reserve does something 
and the traders all at the beginning of the day i   think it's going to cause the market to go down so 
they sell and everybody else says it has nothing   to do with anything for you and when you hear news 
and your broker calls up and says do something   just tell them my rule is don't 
do something just stand there   and it's it's a lot of the rules that apply 
to the investment are not rules that apply to   ordinary life right and uh so don't do something 
just stand there so get a rough idea of what you   want to allocate your money to now i i do i'm 
really entirely indexed at my 50 50.

Uh although   oh my and i can't give you the proportions 
because i don't remember them but   my bonds that are in my retirement plan are 
bond index funds and the bonds that are in my   my uh personal account are municipal vanguard 
missile bond short intermediate and so i'm   reasonably comfortable with that so i think 
i'm too conservative for the average investor   so i'd say the perfect portfolio and it should 
be well let me just mention one other issue and   try a little bit differently uh blair academy i 
have a scholarship fund that i'm allowed to manage   and i don't i don't want to spend any time on 
and i don't so here is exactly what i've done   on the assumption that nobody will touch it for 
a long time and when i'm gone i mean maybe they   will maybe they won't but what i did this is 
probably ten years ago um we say put half of   it in Wellington Fund and have it balanced index 
fund the idea was not all on balance index fund   because there could be things that happen that a 
manager needs to adjust to neither of them have   an international component and that's fine with 
me that's i believe that's the better strategy so   that's and they would be together 90 of the fund 
and then against two contingencies um just in case   i put five percent in the emerging market index 
and i hope you're sitting down five percent in   gold really yeah in the event just a five percent 
hedge against some kind of catastrophe now   i wouldn't call that the perfect portfolio but 
i i mentioned only because that's one there's   distinctive meaning you cannot touch it and uh at 
least theoretically can't touch it it's designed   to be held through all extremes and so that's 
going to give you with the two balanced funds   uh roughly 62 percent in equities that's going to 
be with wellington fund more corporate bonds than   the index fund has i think the index is something 
that we should be very very careful about because   it has the one of a better expression too damn 
much in governments right i don't think any   individual would have a a bond account 70 in 
governments and 30 corps right maybe it should   be the reverse i think that makes more sense can 
i prove that no i'm sorry i can't so it's looking   at the long term looking at the numbers looking 
at cost above all there's no there's no ideal   portfolio perfect portfolio that ignores cost 
now you know i've seen these articles saying   well for example commodities no internal rate 
of return silly including gold except that's the   if nobody's gonna nobody's looking and we 
have something explosive that will help and   it probably shouldn't hurt you too much this 
portfolio actually had done rather well in the   last couple of years and it's fine in the long 
run and uh so you know and actually it may be   doing better than my own but i don't but i look at 
my performance because i'm so conservative right   uh i look at i look at the funds yeah but it's 
almost all indexed and i do have wellington fund   from those days with Mr Morgan and i wouldn't give 
that up as a sentimental matter but but i should

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Is Retirement Even POSSIBLE?

We want to thank Google's Science Journal App for supporting PBS Digital Studios. Imagine you had a time machine and with the
press of a button you could transport yourself to your own 75th birthday. Assuming you’re still around, what do you
hope to find yourself doing? Writing your memoirs? Sailing around the world? Partying in San Junipero? Very few of us would answer “cleaning toilets
at a fast-food joint,” or “begging for change on the street.” No one wants their story to end that way,
yet shockingly few of us are taking the basic steps to avoid it. The
simple fact is that if we’re lucky to live long enough, one day we will lose our desire
(or physical ability) to keep earning a paycheck. The older we get, the harder it becomes to
maintain a rigid work schedule. And as modern medicine allows us to live longer
and longer, the time we expect to spend in retirement might easily pass 30 years. Think of that for a second. 30 years without income. Nervous yet? Good. So how much would you need to not spend those
years in abject poverty.

Well, that depends on your personal needs,
standard of living, health issues, etc., but as a starting point, the AARP recommends that
to replace a $40,000 per year income for 30 years, you’ll need to start your retirement
with–take a deep breath–$1.18 million. If that number makes you feel a little dizzy…
well, you’re not alone. In one survey, Americans between 55 and 64
reported a median retirement savings of $120,000–only 10% of the amount advised by the AARP! Another survey found that 75% of Americans
over 40 are behind saving for retirement and 28% over 55 have no retirement savings at
all! There are many factors that contributed to
this problem. For one thing, wage growth declined in the
70s and 80s. It picked back up in the 90s, but then the
housing boom convinced a lot of Americans to go into debt to buy overpriced homes, and,
well, we know how that turned out. We’ve also seen an increase in cultural
pressure to show “visual displays of wealth.” A study published in the Quarterly Journal
of Economics suggests that Americans are uniquely concerned about seeming poor to others, so
they spend a disproportionate amount on things like shoes, clothes and cars.

It’s been great business for designer labels
and advertisers–not so much for our savings accounts. Lastly, changes in government policies have
made it easier to not save money. In the past, employees were automatically
enrolled in “defined benefit plans” with pre-set funding amounts to match their retirement
needs. Today’s workers have to “opt in” to
retirement plans like 401(k)s, and figure out for themselves how much to set aside. Furthermore, these plans are often “leaky,”
meaning you’re allowed to remove funds prematurely, which makes it easy to steal from your own
retirement. Does all this mean that saving for retirement
is hopeless and you should just blow your extra dough leasing a sports car? No! It’s still very possible to save up large
amounts of money on a modest income. The three special ingredients are Good Markets,
Compound Interest, and Time. To show you how these elements work together,
it’s time to… RUN THE NUMBERS! Betty is 30 years old and makes $50,000/yr.

She hasn’t saved a dime for retirement yet,
but this year she’s decided to start. Between the amount she is going to save into
her Roth IRA, her 401(k) at work, and her 401(k) match, she’s putting away $625 a
month, or $7,500 a year, That’s 15% of her income–which many experts recommend as a
good savings target. At this rate, by the time she’s 65, Betty
will have personally deposited $262,500 into her retirement account. Impressive, but still a long way from the
million dollars plus she’ll need to retire. But now we add our special ingredients! Over the last 90 years, the stock market has
grown an average of 9.8% per year. But let’s assume a little less than that…
say, 7.5% If Betty can put together a decent portfolio, she can expect her savings to grow
by an average of 7.5% per year. And as long as Betty doesn’t touch that
account, the dividends and interest she earns will generate even more dividends and interest! And over time, her savings doesn’t just
increase in a straight line… it increases exponentially! Now, by the time she’s 65, that $262,500
of her original money has ballooned to $1,277,158.92.

Nice job Betty! A couple things to keep in mind with this
scenario. It’s very likely that goods and services
will cost more in the future due to inflation. However, it’s also very likely that a 30
year old like Betty will see her salary increase as she gains more experience and skill. If she sticks to that same 15% of her salary,
she can expect to have even more set aside for retirement. What if you’re older than Betty and getting
a late start? Well, that may mean that you need to set aside
more of your paycheck, say 20 or 25 percent.

Or you may have to wait until your 70s to
retire. Either of these options is better than doing
nothing or counting on winning the lottery. There are many other factors that can change
your specific situation. Inheritances, social security, pensions, medical
conditions. If you’re not sure where to begin, you can
seek out the help of a financial planner who is a sworn fiduciary. They can outline a plan that fits your needs
and show you that preparing for retirement is not as intimidating as you may think. You don’t have to be into shuffleboard or
bird-watching to expect a little time off in your golden years. And some people want to work as long as they
can. But everyone wants the power to decide that
for themselves, especially after a lifetime of hard work. Of course, if you do manage to get access
to a time machine, you can always fall back on the old “Sports Almanac Retirement Plan.” And that’s our two cents! Thanks to Google for supporting PBS Digital Studios.

Their mobile app, Science Journal lets you take notes and measure scientific phenomena such as light, sound, and motion, using your phone, tablet or Chromebook. You can find activity ideas and additional information on their website at g.co/sciencejournal.

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Mastering the FIRE Method: The Ultimate Guide to Early Retirement & Financial Independence

at some point of time you would have thought of retiring early or maybe you're thinking of it now and truth be told retirement is not about abandoning work there are very few who would say I won't work any further but what we yearn for is the freedom to operate to live life in the way we want and that brings us to the five moment now fire stands for financial Independence retirement it's a very catchy acronym and to put it in a nutshell it's a program that's designed around saving aggressively investing in high return instruments like equities and disciplined withdrawals which put together ensures you have enough money to cover your living expenses for the rest of your life and therefore retire early in this video I shall be explaining the concept in Greater details we look at the implementation steps some calculations and why fire needs to be a deliberate part of your financial life this might be a short video but it's a very powerful concept so let's begin the concept of fire was popularized in a book titled your money or your life it was built around self-sufficiency control over one's time moderate consumption and of course living life outside the nine to five for instance this guy Pete atney who is better known as Mr Money Mustache applied the fire principles which allowed him to retire from his job as a software engineer at the age of 30.

He's 48 now and he continues to live comfortably of his Investments after so many years and it's not just Pete there are writers bloggers people traveling the world software developers and even YouTubers who are using these principles to lead a more open life and have attached some articles and videos in the description to that effect some of these stories are really inspirational and it proves the fact that a little bit of planning on the financial side can have a profound impact on other aspects of one's life and in a very positive way now there are three parts one needs to address when implementing a fire strategy the first step is savings and the hardcore fire disciple is expected to save anywhere from 50 to 70 percent of one's monthly income this is of course easier said than done and probably where a lot of people make up their mind that this is not their cup of tea but from what I have read and what I've experienced the saving need not be always defined as a percentage and we can also work with absolute numbers which we'll see when I come to the calculations part now when we hear the word saving our first reaction or response is on reducing our expenses however money can also be saved by upping one's income which is what I suggest and it does make sense right I mean there is a limit to what one can save but income generation has a much longer Runway and in our case it can include taking a part-time job doing some consultancy work asking for a pay hike changing jobs for a better salary reskilling oneself or of course starting a side hustle which can be a mix of active and passive work in fact I have a friend in Bangalore who works as a data scientist from Monday to Friday and then on the weekends he takes classes on an edtech platform and also does some consultancy work to put it in numbers what was earlier a monthly saving of 50 000 Rupees is now easily over 2 lakhs a month and this guy has absolutely changed his life around by leveraging what he knows so he's on fire metaphorically speaking and the the fire strategy encourages us to find creative and better ways of increasing our savings rate the Second Step under the fire strategy is to spend wisely notice I didn't say don't spend I said spend wisely which means you need to identify what is an essential expense and what can be tagged as discretionary now people who practice Fire have a ton of helpful advice for us these include driving a good used car instead of a new one renting versus buying a house cooking at home rather than eating out track your daily expenses cancel unnecessary subscriptions Etc from what I've read these small steps can reduce your monthly expenses by up to 30 percent which if you choose to look at it differently is like getting a 30 incremented salary so you don't have to be stinky when it comes to your expenses but try to be a bit more rational about it and the third and final pillar in the fire system is the investment part now on a basic level the system requires advisors to invest as much money as you can and as early as possible so it's the principle of compounding at work here and this table here is a handy guide to how well your Corpus expands when you give it the necessary capital and a decent amount of time to grow now the fire method keeps this investing part ridiculously simple one you invest some money every month or as we call it you set up an sip a systematic investment plan and secondly this money is invested in a low cost Index Fund or ETF which in our case is either the nifty 50 or maybe a slightly broader Nifty 500 Index so essentially the focus here is to participate in the equity markets rather than actively trying to beat it which by my Reckoning should Fetchers and analyze return of 12 to 13 percent again the idea here is to maximize the returns which is why equities have been suggested but if that makes you a little uncomfortable then you can also settle for a mix of different asset classes which is something I explained in my video on asset allocation a few weeks back yet another investment you can make which is encouraged under the fire movement is on account of passive income dividends from stocks interest from your fixed deposits income from your blog your podcast YouTube channel monetization rental income are just some ways of making an Roi from physical or virtual assets now notice I have put this part under Investments and not income because passive income does require a lot of upfront work but once you do the hard work and you do it well one can expect a continuous stream of income over the next few years which will not only support your early retirement Ambitions but will also act as a safety net in fact there is something called an fi Ratio or the financial Independence ratio which largely means if your passive income is greater than your expenses then you're making some great progress on the path to financial Independence so to sum it up remember fire has three simple principles that you need to work on which is save more spend less and invest wisely if you're getting good value from this video then please do give this video a thumbs up and if you aren't a subscriber yet then do consider becoming one as I can then serve you videos as soon as they are released and also share with you some investing strategies tips and stories that are continually Post in the community section the original fire formula is based on the four percent rule which is the amount of saving you can safely withdraw every year without worrying that your money will run out for example let's say you are 29 years old and your monthly expenses are around 50 000 rupees if you want to retire at 40 then you have 11 years to accumulate a retirement fund so here's the math if household inflation is likely to grow by eight percent per annum then the 50 000 you spend now will rise to 1 lakh 16 000 rupees by the time you're 40.

So annually this comes to 14 lakh rupees and per the four percent rule it's 14 multiplied by 25 which means you need to accumulate a couples of three and a half crores to safely navigate through your retirement years or at least that's what the fire formula says now in my view there are some gaps with this four percent rule that I think we should all be aware of firstly this rule is okay for someone who has factored 25 maybe 30 years of retirement but if the retirement Horizon goes higher let's say 50 years for example then this formula starts getting a bit shaky and I've pinned a research study by Vanguard on this in the video's description secondly the four percent rule is a United States origination of the 1990s and has been tested on a historical basis when the yields on equities and Bonds were sufficiently high now we are not Americans and what works there will most likely not work for us which means there's an asset allocation and a market performance risk which needs to be accounted for and finally because each of us have our own preferences income goals saving patterns Etc I always felt it's important to have a customized fire implementation plan rather than picking something off the shelf which is why I created my own fire calculator which gives a clearer picture of how much I need to accumulate when can I idly retire how much withdrawals can I do on a monthly basis and at what point and in what circumstances my retirement money can run out so this obviously starts with the inputs and you need to type in your current age the age at which you want to retire and of course your life expectancy which I hope is strong and long then comes your current portfolio of Investments and this includes your mutual funds fds ppf EPF gold and other stuff and as a best practice kindly exclude the cost of the house where you will be staying post your retirement if you're still working then input the monthly savings and the annual increase you foresee input the expected returns from your investment the capital gain tax that can remain at 10 percent and finally have a view on how much will your expenses be in the first year of retirement and the expected household inflation rate and once we have these numbers keyed in as I have shown in this example the resulting output should clearly tell us three things one the amount of investment Corpus we need at the time of retirement which in this illustration is 2.2 crores at the age of 40.

Secondly we now have Clarity on how much can be spent on an early basis which starts from 12 lakhs so that's one lakh per month and it increases by eight percent every year and thirdly we get to know how sound or unsound this entire construct is like in this case our calculation shows that I'll run out of my money by the time I am 64 years old which is another way of saying that I need to rework my fire math which can include an increase in the monthly savings and the growth rate I can also consider extending my retirement age to a higher number let's say 45 years and finally I I can be a little careful with my expenses and instead of spending a lack of rupees maybe I can make do with 90 000. so there are many permutations and combinations you can look at but my suggestion is try to be a little conservative in your estimates especially when it comes to return on investment the inflation rate and the post retirement monthly expenses now for your benefit I have enclosed the link of this worksheet in the video's description it's a downloadable sheet all the formulas are open so feel free to change the numbers improve the formula if required add your own customization if it helps you but have a clear idea on when and where you need to be on the path to financial Independence so when I first heard and read about fire I was not a big fan of it I mean saving 50 to 7 20 percent of one salary is almost next to Impossible and I would have shut sharp had I not realized that as a method fire is quite flexible and can be used in many different ways so the calculator is one way and you can make a customized version of it but then there are more strategies there are more variants of the fire strategy and if you are interested then do read up on lean fire fat fire Coast fire and a few more of these in related articles that I've Linked In the video's description the point is and I myself realized a very late in life that many of us don't know when to retire how much is needed to retire which is why we continue working in a role or occupation that we don't enjoy much and that's where I think fire as a strategy might be the solution and it's just three things right increase your income and savings lower your expenses and get your Investments right so read up more about this concept in the Articles and websites I've added in the description and I sincerely hope you practice some sort of fire going forward if you found this video useful then do press the like button do subscribe to my channel share this video and I'll see you three days from now until then foreign

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Are Gold IRA Investments Taxable?

Are gold IRA investments taxable?
No! Thankfully, when you use a self-directed IRA to buy gold, so long as you're holding
it at a US depository, when you sell the gold, all gains will
flow back to your IRA with no tax. In addition to diversification,
the advantage of generating tax-free returns from your gold IRA investment
is what makes it so popular.

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How to Have the Perfect Portfolio in Investment – John Bogle’s view

But now this brings us to the main point of 
our discussion with you which is to get your   advice for our viewers about what you consider 
to be the perfect portfolio now we know there's   no such thing as perfect but i suspect that TIFs 
will play some role in this what would you say to   the typical investor now today looking forward how 
should we be managing our wealth well let me um i   tried to cover this you'd be surprised at some of 
the what i've done in the asset allocation chapter   of my book a little bit because i've come to 
conclusion there's really not a very good answer   and i've concluded that regular rebalancing is not 
terrible but not necessary i've come to conclude   that it's 60%, 40% portfolio is probably the best 
option rather than going from 80 20 to 20 80 in a   target retirement plan uh maybe right and i may 
be wrong on that and i find it something very   individual uh and and you know and clearly i mean 
everybody knows this intuitively at the beginning   there are no easy answers to this so i'll come 
to exactly what i'm doing uh but what i was what   i did i got a letter from clearly a young man 
who was really worried about how he should be   investing and what his allocation should be and he 
said you know the dangerous risky world out there   and he didn't mention it but of course he's right 
you have potential nuclear war global warming much   more than just potential and racial division in 
the country uh right now uh threats to world trade   and division of wealth all over the world but 
most often very heavily in the us between the   haves and the have-nots all those things 
are worth worrying about but i said to him   you don't know and i don't know what's going to 
happen to any of them the market doesn't know   nobody knows so you just have to put them out of 
your mind and forget it what you want to think   about is how much risk you can afford and that's 
very much a personal thing and it has a little bit   to do with whether you're investing regularly 
and things like that and then i said to him if   it's helpful to you i'll tell you what i'm doing 
now i'm 88 years old and have an unusual kind of   planning my estate and i said i'm 50 bonds and 50 
stocks i don't happen to rebalance around that it   just seems to come out that way particularly in 
recent years and uh it's been higher than that   and been lower than that but right 
now i'm very comfortable at 50 50.   although i spend half my time worrying that i have 
too much in stocks and the other half of my time   worrying that i have too little in stock and i 
think that's the way most investors feel they   don't know what the right number is and when the 
market's going up they say god why don't i have   more stocks when it's going down so your own worst 
enemy in all this yes but having some stability   without automatically rebalancing i don't think 
you need to do that and and it's very clear   you know and anybody understanding economist 
certainly understands this that the more the   less you rebalance the more you're going to 
have because you're always selling the better   performing asset and you don't know whether it 
will do in the long run but i also look at it   as as very importantly uh and this is this is kind 
of an interesting thing i think the most important   thing you need to know about the performance 
of the stock market in the next 30 40 50 years   is what is the GDP of the united states going to 
do corporate profits are correlated at 96 percent   s p dividends are correlated at 96 percent with 
with the gdp of the united states the GDP doesn't   grow quite as fast but not a big difference 
6.7 compared to 7.5 or something like that   and then they'd be nominal and uh i think so 
what interests me is in peter lynch's book   something about wall street uh one up on 
wall street or something he says there's no   number that could interest him less than the gdp 
number is it going up or down and what that is is a statement that the short term is more 
important than the long term and i don't   believe this the short term is more important than 
long term and then you even get in freakonomics   those wise guys they did a nice interview with 
me i'm heard all of it yet but i will someday   um say pay no attention to the GDP well it's 
everything right but it's not everything today   and tomorrow right you know the gdp probably 
rose today about two three hundred and sixty   fifths of one percent or something whatever it 
is uh and uh we don't pay any attention to it   but it all comes down to for your you know the 
best portfolio is are you an investor or are you   a speculator and if you're going to keep changing 
things you were speculating because we can't know   if you're going to put commodities in there the 
ultimate speculation it has nothing going for it   no internal rate of return no dividend yield no 
earnings growth no interest coupon nothing except   the hope largely vain probably that you can sell 
to somebody else for more than you paid for it   how that could be even considered goals 
let's say an investment uh i do not know so   it's i'd like to take the mystery out of it and 
say that the perfect portfolio first i think for   a huge proportion over 90 percent certainly of 
the investors should be limited to marketable   securities they don't need the liquidity today but 
and we may have you know too much marketability   and that is too much sensitivity to prices as they 
change day by day but you want to get out of the   idea that you always have to do something and uh 
i have said in my books and you know something   happens and the federal reserve does something 
and the traders all at the beginning of the day i   think it's going to cause the market to go down so 
they sell and everybody else says it has nothing   to do with anything for you and when you hear news 
and your broker calls up and says do something   just tell them my rule is don't 
do something just stand there   and it's it's a lot of the rules that apply 
to the investment are not rules that apply to   ordinary life right and uh so don't do something 
just stand there so get a rough idea of what you   want to allocate your money to now i i do i'm 
really entirely indexed at my 50 50.

Uh although   oh my and i can't give you the proportions 
because i don't remember them but   my bonds that are in my retirement plan are 
bond index funds and the bonds that are in my   my uh personal account are municipal vanguard 
missile bond short intermediate and so i'm   reasonably comfortable with that so i think 
i'm too conservative for the average investor   so i'd say the perfect portfolio and it should 
be well let me just mention one other issue and   try a little bit differently uh blair academy i 
have a scholarship fund that i'm allowed to manage   and i don't i don't want to spend any time on 
and i don't so here is exactly what i've done   on the assumption that nobody will touch it for 
a long time and when i'm gone i mean maybe they   will maybe they won't but what i did this is 
probably ten years ago um we say put half of   it in Wellington Fund and have it balanced index 
fund the idea was not all on balance index fund   because there could be things that happen that a 
manager needs to adjust to neither of them have   an international component and that's fine with 
me that's i believe that's the better strategy so   that's and they would be together 90 of the fund 
and then against two contingencies um just in case   i put five percent in the emerging market index 
and i hope you're sitting down five percent in   gold really yeah in the event just a five percent 
hedge against some kind of catastrophe now   i wouldn't call that the perfect portfolio but 
i i mentioned only because that's one there's   distinctive meaning you cannot touch it and uh at 
least theoretically can't touch it it's designed   to be held through all extremes and so that's 
going to give you with the two balanced funds   uh roughly 62 percent in equities that's going to 
be with wellington fund more corporate bonds than   the index fund has i think the index is something 
that we should be very very careful about because   it has the one of a better expression too damn 
much in governments right i don't think any   individual would have a a bond account 70 in 
governments and 30 corps right maybe it should   be the reverse i think that makes more sense can 
i prove that no i'm sorry i can't so it's looking   at the long term looking at the numbers looking 
at cost above all there's no there's no ideal   portfolio perfect portfolio that ignores cost 
now you know i've seen these articles saying   well for example commodities no internal rate 
of return silly including gold except that's the   if nobody's gonna nobody's looking and we 
have something explosive that will help and   it probably shouldn't hurt you too much this 
portfolio actually had done rather well in the   last couple of years and it's fine in the long 
run and uh so you know and actually it may be   doing better than my own but i don't but i look at 
my performance because i'm so conservative right   uh i look at i look at the funds yeah but it's 
almost all indexed and i do have wellington fund   from those days with Mr Morgan and i wouldn't give 
that up as a sentimental matter but but i should

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2 Laws for Generating Wealth

Any successful plan to generate and sustain
sufficient wealth must incorporate two very basic rules: 1) Generate Investible Savings. The first step to unlock the path to building
tremendous wealth is not about investing at all. It is about generating Investable assets. For most people this begins by terminating
any expensive debt such as credit card or high interest debt. The reason being that expensive debt increases
one’s expenses and eats into investable resources. Second step for most people is redefining
certain parts of their remaining income as compulsory payments that must be done. That payment is, in fact, the first step of
savings for investing. The third step for most people is to invest
time and entrepreneurial energy to increase their gross income. Getting a better job, a promotion, a new skill
or starting a business that can generate profits disconnected from your immediate personal
labor resources. The fourth step would be establishing some
kind of an emergency fund and getting sufficient insurance to cover yourself against unpredicted
expenses. When the four steps are done, you can start
generating sufficient investable assets that can be put to work growing over a minimal
period of five years.

When this is done, you can proceed to the
next rule. 2) Invest investable savings into exponentially
growing assets, growing for many years while limiting the taxes you pay. Once you generate investable assets and are
ready to put them to work, comes the next tough question: Where should I deploy my investable
assets to maximize my investment and to generate more wealth? You should know that any and all investable
assets you will ever encounter can belong to one or another of these two categories:
Exponentially Growing Assets or Regular Growth Assets.

If you ever hope to generate sufficient wealth
from your investable assets, you must learn how to separate your exponential growing assets
from your regular growth assets and then make sure you are sufficiently exposed to the exponentially
growing asset class. Exponentially growing assets are a rare creature
few understand, even among seasoned investors. There is a set of strict rules to become eligible
for the coveted title: A) At their very core, they must yield very
high returns on internally invested resources and expenses – such as inventory, labor, plant
& factory or R&D; What sets exponentially growing assets apart
from any and all investable assets is their ability to make a large profit on a small
base of required resources. The more expenses and investments one needs
to make a profit, the less profit is left to increase the value of the asset itself. B) They must have sufficiently large market opportunities
ahead of them to enable many years of sales growth displaying high returns on invested
resources; While many possible assets can generate high
rate of return, exponentially growing assets are not a one-off occurrence or limited activity
and must be able to maintain their course of growth over many years to build sufficient
appreciation for their owners.

C) They must provide extensive internal reinvestment
opportunities to use profits at similarly high returns To really become an exponentially growing
asset capable of building imaginary amounts of wealth, the asset must provide managers
the ability to use the rivers of cash generated regularly from the asset in a similar high
rate of return. When these criteria aren’t met, owners soon
realize the resulting rivers of profits do not grow at a high rate and the growth in
wealth soon slows down due to the ever-growing profits invested in lower rate growing assets.

D) They must be led by honest, high integrity,
talented managers, who are actually risking their own wealth alongside their investors. For these executives, a small increase in
the share price will generate much greater wealth than any increase to their paycheck. Executives of public companies have the ability
to loot the company’s coffers or engage in wealth destruction in an infinity of ways. To avoid that, check to see how large your
CEO’s stake in the company stock is before choosing any investment.

As long as the company still embodies the
4 rules that we covered here, you stay invested; this is the one last requirement when investing
in exponentially growing assets. ALL exponentially growing assets see their
stock price cut in half several times during the decades, usually due to different parameters
that don’t reflect the actual company value. Holding these assets through turbulences,
and even adding to them, requires temperament and familiar understanding of the business,
which results in the conviction to stay the course..

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Why not to get a gold IRA

foreign why not get a gold IRA understanding potential drawbacks of a gold Ira can help you make informed decisions about your retirement investment strategy although gold IRAs have their place in investment portfolios investors must be aware they also have limited liquidity compared to traditional IRAs as physical gold may take time to sell and convert to cash gold IRAs also often come with higher fees including setup storage and annual maintenance fees compared to traditional Roth IRAs if you are dependent on steady cash flow gold Investments may not provide regular income like stocks or bonds and their value can be influenced by unpredictable Market factors in conclusion while gold IRAs offer diversification they may have limited liquidity higher fees and uncertain returns making them potentially unsuitable for some investors if you're interested in rolling over your 401k into a gold Ira gold and silver trust can help call us today to discuss your specific retirement needs and download your free gold and silver investor guide this guide provides valuable information on adding precious metals to your Diversified portfolio foreign

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Are Gold IRA Investments Taxable?

Are gold IRA investments taxable?
No! Thankfully, when you use a self-directed IRA to buy gold, so long as you're holding
it at a US depository, when you sell the gold, all gains will
flow back to your IRA with no tax. In addition to diversification,
the advantage of generating tax-free returns from your gold IRA investment
is what makes it so popular..

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Mastering the FIRE Method: The Ultimate Guide to Early Retirement & Financial Independence

at some point of time you would have thought of retiring early or maybe you're thinking of it now and truth be told retirement is not about abandoning work there are very few who would say I won't work any further but what we yearn for is the freedom to operate to live life in the way we want and that brings us to the five moment now fire stands for financial Independence retirement it's a very catchy acronym and to put it in a nutshell it's a program that's designed around saving aggressively investing in high return instruments like equities and disciplined withdrawals which put together ensures you have enough money to cover your living expenses for the rest of your life and therefore retire early in this video I shall be explaining the concept in Greater details we look at the implementation steps some calculations and why fire needs to be a deliberate part of your financial life this might be a short video but it's a very powerful concept so let's begin the concept of fire was popularized in a book titled your money or your life it was built around self-sufficiency control over one's time moderate consumption and of course living life outside the nine to five for instance this guy Pete atney who is better known as Mr Money Mustache applied the fire principles which allowed him to retire from his job as a software engineer at the age of 30.

He's 48 now and he continues to live comfortably of his Investments after so many years and it's not just Pete there are writers bloggers people traveling the world software developers and even YouTubers who are using these principles to lead a more open life and have attached some articles and videos in the description to that effect some of these stories are really inspirational and it proves the fact that a little bit of planning on the financial side can have a profound impact on other aspects of one's life and in a very positive way now there are three parts one needs to address when implementing a fire strategy the first step is savings and the hardcore fire disciple is expected to save anywhere from 50 to 70 percent of one's monthly income this is of course easier said than done and probably where a lot of people make up their mind that this is not their cup of tea but from what I have read and what I've experienced the saving need not be always defined as a percentage and we can also work with absolute numbers which we'll see when I come to the calculations part now when we hear the word saving our first reaction or response is on reducing our expenses however money can also be saved by upping one's income which is what I suggest and it does make sense right I mean there is a limit to what one can save but income generation has a much longer Runway and in our case it can include taking a part-time job doing some consultancy work asking for a pay hike changing jobs for a better salary reskilling oneself or of course starting a side hustle which can be a mix of active and passive work in fact I have a friend in Bangalore who works as a data scientist from Monday to Friday and then on the weekends he takes classes on an edtech platform and also does some consultancy work to put it in numbers what was earlier a monthly saving of 50 000 Rupees is now easily over 2 lakhs a month and this guy has absolutely changed his life around by leveraging what he knows so he's on fire metaphorically speaking and the the fire strategy encourages us to find creative and better ways of increasing our savings rate the Second Step under the fire strategy is to spend wisely notice I didn't say don't spend I said spend wisely which means you need to identify what is an essential expense and what can be tagged as discretionary now people who practice Fire have a ton of helpful advice for us these include driving a good used car instead of a new one renting versus buying a house cooking at home rather than eating out track your daily expenses cancel unnecessary subscriptions Etc from what I've read these small steps can reduce your monthly expenses by up to 30 percent which if you choose to look at it differently is like getting a 30 incremented salary so you don't have to be stinky when it comes to your expenses but try to be a bit more rational about it and the third and final pillar in the fire system is the investment part now on a basic level the system requires advisors to invest as much money as you can and as early as possible so it's the principle of compounding at work here and this table here is a handy guide to how well your Corpus expands when you give it the necessary capital and a decent amount of time to grow now the fire method keeps this investing part ridiculously simple one you invest some money every month or as we call it you set up an sip a systematic investment plan and secondly this money is invested in a low cost Index Fund or ETF which in our case is either the nifty 50 or maybe a slightly broader Nifty 500 Index so essentially the focus here is to participate in the equity markets rather than actively trying to beat it which by my Reckoning should Fetchers and analyze return of 12 to 13 percent again the idea here is to maximize the returns which is why equities have been suggested but if that makes you a little uncomfortable then you can also settle for a mix of different asset classes which is something I explained in my video on asset allocation a few weeks back yet another investment you can make which is encouraged under the fire movement is on account of passive income dividends from stocks interest from your fixed deposits income from your blog your podcast YouTube channel monetization rental income are just some ways of making an Roi from physical or virtual assets now notice I have put this part under Investments and not income because passive income does require a lot of upfront work but once you do the hard work and you do it well one can expect a continuous stream of income over the next few years which will not only support your early retirement Ambitions but will also act as a safety net in fact there is something called an fi Ratio or the financial Independence ratio which largely means if your passive income is greater than your expenses then you're making some great progress on the path to financial Independence so to sum it up remember fire has three simple principles that you need to work on which is save more spend less and invest wisely if you're getting good value from this video then please do give this video a thumbs up and if you aren't a subscriber yet then do consider becoming one as I can then serve you videos as soon as they are released and also share with you some investing strategies tips and stories that are continually Post in the community section the original fire formula is based on the four percent rule which is the amount of saving you can safely withdraw every year without worrying that your money will run out for example let's say you are 29 years old and your monthly expenses are around 50 000 rupees if you want to retire at 40 then you have 11 years to accumulate a retirement fund so here's the math if household inflation is likely to grow by eight percent per annum then the 50 000 you spend now will rise to 1 lakh 16 000 rupees by the time you're 40.

So annually this comes to 14 lakh rupees and per the four percent rule it's 14 multiplied by 25 which means you need to accumulate a couples of three and a half crores to safely navigate through your retirement years or at least that's what the fire formula says now in my view there are some gaps with this four percent rule that I think we should all be aware of firstly this rule is okay for someone who has factored 25 maybe 30 years of retirement but if the retirement Horizon goes higher let's say 50 years for example then this formula starts getting a bit shaky and I've pinned a research study by Vanguard on this in the video's description secondly the four percent rule is a United States origination of the 1990s and has been tested on a historical basis when the yields on equities and Bonds were sufficiently high now we are not Americans and what works there will most likely not work for us which means there's an asset allocation and a market performance risk which needs to be accounted for and finally because each of us have our own preferences income goals saving patterns Etc I always felt it's important to have a customized fire implementation plan rather than picking something off the shelf which is why I created my own fire calculator which gives a clearer picture of how much I need to accumulate when can I idly retire how much withdrawals can I do on a monthly basis and at what point and in what circumstances my retirement money can run out so this obviously starts with the inputs and you need to type in your current age the age at which you want to retire and of course your life expectancy which I hope is strong and long then comes your current portfolio of Investments and this includes your mutual funds fds ppf EPF gold and other stuff and as a best practice kindly exclude the cost of the house where you will be staying post your retirement if you're still working then input the monthly savings and the annual increase you foresee input the expected returns from your investment the capital gain tax that can remain at 10 percent and finally have a view on how much will your expenses be in the first year of retirement and the expected household inflation rate and once we have these numbers keyed in as I have shown in this example the resulting output should clearly tell us three things one the amount of investment Corpus we need at the time of retirement which in this illustration is 2.2 crores at the age of 40.

Secondly we now have Clarity on how much can be spent on an early basis which starts from 12 lakhs so that's one lakh per month and it increases by eight percent every year and thirdly we get to know how sound or unsound this entire construct is like in this case our calculation shows that I'll run out of my money by the time I am 64 years old which is another way of saying that I need to rework my fire math which can include an increase in the monthly savings and the growth rate I can also consider extending my retirement age to a higher number let's say 45 years and finally I I can be a little careful with my expenses and instead of spending a lack of rupees maybe I can make do with 90 000. so there are many permutations and combinations you can look at but my suggestion is try to be a little conservative in your estimates especially when it comes to return on investment the inflation rate and the post retirement monthly expenses now for your benefit I have enclosed the link of this worksheet in the video's description it's a downloadable sheet all the formulas are open so feel free to change the numbers improve the formula if required add your own customization if it helps you but have a clear idea on when and where you need to be on the path to financial Independence so when I first heard and read about fire I was not a big fan of it I mean saving 50 to 7 20 percent of one salary is almost next to Impossible and I would have shut sharp had I not realized that as a method fire is quite flexible and can be used in many different ways so the calculator is one way and you can make a customized version of it but then there are more strategies there are more variants of the fire strategy and if you are interested then do read up on lean fire fat fire Coast fire and a few more of these in related articles that I've Linked In the video's description the point is and I myself realized a very late in life that many of us don't know when to retire how much is needed to retire which is why we continue working in a role or occupation that we don't enjoy much and that's where I think fire as a strategy might be the solution and it's just three things right increase your income and savings lower your expenses and get your Investments right so read up more about this concept in the Articles and websites I've added in the description and I sincerely hope you practice some sort of fire going forward if you found this video useful then do press the like button do subscribe to my channel share this video and I'll see you three days from now until then foreign

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